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5. The six branches of the new democracy

When I became convinced that the existing democratic system of three branches of government: 1. The executive, 2. The legislative and 3. The judiciary is unable to function in our modern democratic society, I started to think about how to improve the existing democratic system. The controlling branch of government became the first of the new branches I created while developing this modern democracy. At one time I had a list of eight branches, but in the end I developed the "Three to Six" democratic system, with the following branches of power:

  the Sovereign Branch   the Executive Branch   the Legislative Branch
  the Judiciary Branch   the Controlling Branch   the Local  Branch

In creating these six branches of government I tried to create a more balanced type of government in which power and responsibility are so spread that society's needs will be more catered for. This, by balancing the powers and responsibilities of these branches so that misuse of power will be stopped by the other branches. Also I provided, through the creation of the sovereign branch of government, a day to day control over government by the ordinary citizens of society.
The heads of the six branches become the "Committee of Six" . This "Committee of Six" allows the heads of the six branches of government straighten out conflicts and difficulties between the branches This is one of the major changes I suggest to improve our democratic way of governing.

5A. What is this: the sovereign branch?

1. This branch represents the sovereignty of the people. The head of the sovereign branch is the President or Monarch. He will be the official "Head of State" If a republic, he will be directly chosen for maximum two political terms of six years each
2. This branch is headed by “the president’s chamber”, a 6 to 12 members body of persons chosen personally by the elected Head of State from the “list of third vote persons” (see chapter on second vote), and approved by parliament, and onetime committees. This “list of third vote persons” is a national list including persons who have distinguished themselves in their lifetime careers and/or special deeds, ex…, judges, generals, soldiers, politicians, artists, “lord’s of commerce”, sportsmen, national hero’s, etc.
3. These onetime committees are created each for a singular purpose; they are headed by one person from the “list of third vote persons” and 6, 8 or 10 ordinary "two vote" civilians, randomly chosen.
4. They will receive questions which they can only answer with YES or NO
5. Their findings are brought to the President, “the president's chamber”, for ratification. When ratified a decision is binding, the other governmental branches have to re-address the subject according to the sovereign’s decision.
6. Through petitions, received from the citizens, the sovereign branch of government can interfere on all levels, up to new elections and dismissal of officials or representatives

A list of subjects for which these committees exists;

1. Approval of persons, party’s standing for elections
2. Approval of persons, party’s programs
3. Approval of governmental program
4. Approval of political appointees
5. Approval of political salaries
6. Control over performance of the politically elected
7. Control of elections
8. Control of petitions
9. Removal of immunity from elected representatives
10. Expansions or changes in governmental administrative organizations
11. Control over management of national treasures
12. Sentence reducing, amnesty
13. Inquiries in governmental misbehavior
14. Management of "list of third vote persons"
15. Management of "list of political appointees"
16. Management of "list of economic lawmaking seats"
17. Management of "list of extra vote rights"
18. Management of "list of national treasures"
19. Appointing judges
20. Ombudsman
21. And others

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5B. The executive branch, or government

The executive branch, or government, is holy grail for those who wish to fulfill their own dreams; dreams of power and greed. Modern democracy can only exist if this branch is clean of all sectional and/or private economical influences. In order to create a democracy whose government is as viable and stable as is possible it has to be under full control by those who wish a well functioning modern democracy: The vast majority of citizens, those plain middle class people, like you and me.

The form of the government is as follows:

1. The Prime-Minister is chosen by direct election
2. He will create a central council of ministers of 10 to maximum 16 members chosen personally by him, elected politicians cannot serve
3. The sovereign branch of government approves these members
4. The legislative branch of government approves this central council of ministers
5. This council of ministers will produce a full term and yearly programs
6. The governmental programs and budgets will be approved by the sovereign branch
7. The full council of ministers will include the heads of the ministries when discussing affairs effecting their ministries, as sub-ministers with voting power
8. The chief of staff of the armed forces will have the same status as a sub-minister, but without voting power.
9. The head of governmental administration will have the same status as a sub-minister, but without voting power
10. Members of the council of ministers will NOT have direct control over administrative offices or governmental agencies
11. Members of the council of ministers will be responsible for projects evolving from the full term and yearly plans
12. The legislative branch cannot dismiss the executive branch ("the government"). This can only be done at election time or through the Sovereign branch of government
13. Ministers, sub-ministers and elected politicians will have defined personal staffs
14. Administrative reshuffles are approved by the executive branch
15. Governmental administration on all levels will have standard configuration, changes in this have to be approved by the sovereign branch

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5C. The legislative branch, or parliament

Since modern democracy developed some 220 years ago two major types of parliaments evolved. One was the parliament in which political parties took seats after competing in national elections. The other system is when the nation is divided into small areas, each area sending one person to the parliament. Both systems have their good and their bad sides. I have tried to eliminate the bad sides of both systems and enhance the good sides by combining both systems into one and develop from there. By dividing parliament (one or two houses) into three parts and allowing each citizen to vote for each part the will of the people is much more imbedded into the parliament.

1. Parliament (one or two houses) will be divided into three parts:
A. approx. 50% of the members will be members of political parties, elected by national ideological elections, obliged to follow party rules
B. approx. 25% members will be chosen as representatives of districts, elected in elections per district, obliged to their local interests
C. approx. 25% members chosen as representatives of economic sectors of society, elected through national elections per economic sector, obliged to their economic constitution
2. The intern elected speaker of the house will be the head of the parliamentary branch of government
3. Parliamentary committees will be standard (important: a committee to remove old laws)
4. Parliamentary inquiry committees are not to control other governmental agencies, only the legality of actions by those agencies
8. Parliament, parliamentarians, ARE NOT the representatives of the sovereignty of the nation
9. After two political cycles of six years parliamentarians must for the next cycles be elected through extra majorities (5%, 10%,...)
10. Parliamentarians will have a predefined personal codex of behavior, just like doctors, lawyers etc
11. Parliamentarians have required standards of performance
12. Parliamentarians not performing as required can be dismissed at half of full term, with as penalty the exclusion from further participating in the political arena for at least one full political cycle of six years
13. Civilians can through petitions put laws on the parliamentary agenda. The representative of the organizers of the proposed law will speak in parliament
14. Basic laws require an extended majority, ratification by the sovereign branch

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5D. The judiciary branch of democracy

The judiciary system can be the same as in the old democratic system. About the laws under which justice is done I will not say a word. This is something each society has to decide for itself, according to its own norms and values. And do remember, "Three to Six" is a democratic framework.

Only the organizational side of what is called until now "The Department of Justice" will be radically changed so as to be adapted to the "Three to Six" system:

1. The judiciary branch of government will become a full autonomic branch of democracy, not a department of the executing branch of government.
2. Its head will be a member of the "Council of Six"
3. The judiciary branch will have a "Board of Director’s" of 7-15 persons, the most senior judge, one judge from each level of the judiciary system, the head of the administration of this branch and some persons from the "list of distinguished persons"
4. The most senior judge will be the head of the judiciary branch

In contradiction to what I said above I will give a few of my thoughts about some points I believe should be improved in the legal systems existing today. These thoughts are not part of the "Three to Six" system. But laws, and the justice done upon those laws, are part of the fundaments of society and as such should be revised regularly. Otherwise they become outdated. I believe that today's systems are still philosophically based on the system as it existed in ancient pharonic Egypt until the end of aristocracy at the time of the French Revolution and the American War of Independence, and beyond. This philosophy is based on the notion that "We, the elected", the aristocracy whomever we are, know better than "You, the simpleton", the nobody, in short the plain civilian how to confront the perpetrator in trial. This is in total disrespect for the normal civilian. And isn't HE the important person in modern democracy?
1. The victim will in criminal court function as a third party to the trial, with full rights and will have influence on punishment asked
2. There will be a minimum penalty; especially with "economic crime" this minimum will be at least the profit made.
3. The judiciary does not only give sentence but is also responsible for safeguarding society
4. The judiciary is responsible for defending civilians from the authorities

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5E. The controlling branch of democracy

The National comptroller of Israel was the person who set me on this research in the seventies of the previous century. For some years he wrote an annihilating rapport on the behavior of one of Israel's most important functionaries. But year after year personal greed and political backing kept him in office. This made me so mad that I started to study the subject with as result: "Six Branch Democracy" The form of the controlling branch is as follows:

It is the responsibility of this branch to control the behavior of officials and representatives, the executing of governmental programs. If its findings include questions about the legality of laws or decrees, these questions have to be deferred to the judiciary and/or legislative branch of government

1. At the head of this branch of government stands the “National Comptroller”
2. He will be chosen in free elections and then approved by the legislative branch
3. He will be assisted by a “Board of Director’s” of 6-10 personally chosen from the "list of distinguished persons"
4. They will serve two political cycles of six years
5. Findings by the controlling branch are binding for all authorities
6. An agency or person feeling harmed by these findings can request a hearing by a committee in the sovereign branch
7. The yearly rapports of the controlling branch are presented to the head of the sovereign branch of government

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5F. What is this: Local Authority branch of government?

As society grows more and more complex central national government cannot cope anymore with the management of society on local level. Central authorities are out of contact with the reality as it exists on the ground. A good example is a Dutch law which requires evicting asylum searchers from their temporary residences after their asylum requests had been rejected. When the first ejections happened those people started to live on the streets, something which is totally unacceptable to Dutch society. So it fell to the local authorities to provide living quarters for those people against the wishes of the central government and without proper finance. The result was that all went back to the status as before. This branch of democracy is created to provide the local authority with democratic power to resist this kind of contempt for the reality, in which they have to work

Local government will closely follow the rules of the national government

This is the framework of this branch of democracy:

1. Local government will have a elected head, the mayor.
2. A management team appointed the same as the national government.
3. A local "parliament", this "parliament" will be divided in two parts:
60%-70% political members,
30%-40% economic members
4. All elected heads of local government will be members in a "National Council of Mayors".
5. The head of this body will be the head of the local authority branch

If a country has regional or provincial authorities these will also have a framework adapted to this "Three to Six" system:

1. Regional government will also closely follow the rules of the national government.
2. The regional parliament will be divided as the local parliament.
3. All elected heads of regional government will be members in a "National Council of Governors".
4. The head of this body will be the head of the regional branch of government.
5. The heads of the "National Council of Mayors" and of the "National Council of Governors" together will form the head of the local authority branch of government. Both will have a seat in the "Committee of Six"

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Updated:14/07/12 Copyright: The "Three to Six" Foundation
Website created by: Meir A. Sprecher